Ladies and gentlemen, first of all, thank Danish Consulate to provide this opportunity to share our experience with each other.
The theme of my speech today: Design for senior Living in China. I will try to explore the Background, Types and particularity of Chinese senior housing.
Time reason, I cannot be on every detail, so hope for your understanding. We can exchange our ideas in the next discussion session.
This year in China, many people swam to cinema, just to see two movies. Both of them are about senior living in China. One film named “the simple life” even won the Cannes Film Festival awards of the best actress. Finally, the Pension problem went into the public eyes, from the political and academic discussion.
Because of the special situation in China, especially in the continuing impact of the family planning policy and household registration policies, China's population aging process presents several particularities: The huge scale of the elderly population, Aging speed very fast and unbalanced, Regional distribution unbalanced and aging before modernization.
In such historical conditions, it was felt that shortage of beds in Chinese pension institution was socially and economically undesirable. In July of this year, "China Economic Weekly" published a feature article named "cannot afford to live in nursing houses", it shows us the outline of the survival status of the nursing home in Beijing. Although powerful impetus of the government, number of beds in nursing houses presents a significant growth, but for many people, it is still difficult to get a bed in public nursing houses, and expensive to live in private nursing houses .
In a speech last year, I proposed a research model on the typology of private senior housing in China. There are three dimensions, the Location (Urban, Suburban or Scenic), the relationship to uptown (exclusive, embedded or mixed), profit model ( hold, sell or hold + sell).
As case study, I selected several typical projects from us:
The first one is a project in Hainan Province. Apartments for independent living with 50,000 square meters floor area, embedded in a resort community. 25,000 square meters floor area will be hold from the developer; other 25,000 square meter floor area will be sold. The normal apartments in the resort community are all designed as elderly orientated housing.
The second project is an apartment building for independent living with 13,000 square meters floor area in a mature residential community located in the suburbs of Shanghai. 120 Apartments are hold from the developer.
The third one is a reconstruction project, located in the urban area of Beijing. The total floor area is also 13,000 square meters.
The last one is a big CCRC Community with 112,000 square meters, located in the suburbs of Shanghai.
Finally, I briefly introduce you some of the special characters of the Chinese elderly residential design.
Because of the different Physiological function, Living habits, Life experiences and outlook of value of Chinese elderly, as well as the specification of social welfare system, Moral Reasoning, economic basis and policy environment of Chinese society, Chinese elderly residential holds out many characters different from other coutries.
For example, Let us talk about the Orientation of buildings. In most parts of China, the elderly still prefer their room faces south. But for the west, especially north oriented rooms, they have a greater resistance to. This preference for single orientation presents us a challenge to the diversity of building floor layout.
Another problem is about dwelling spaces. Chinese cooking habits Particular requirements for a special kitchen layout. In southern China, many elderly are superstitious in feng shui theory. This also leads to some change of the interior functions layout.
Of course, there is another issue about interior style. Interior design for elderly must pay attention to reflect a continuation of past life memories of the elderly when we resist the institutionalized space, and focus to create an atmosphere of ordinary home life. This will become an important source of diversity and particularity of interior design.
That’s all. Thank you for your attention.